Having excluded from total number of the monasteries founded in the IX-XIII centuries those from them which are destroyed, and what late the XIII are not mentioned century, we will receive total of the monasteries existing at the end of the XIII century.
As it was necessary to expect, most of all monasteries in the XI century it was based in Kiev – nine, from them two female. Among man's were remained up to now Kyiv Pechersk and Vydubetsky. On the Right bank there were four more man's monasteries: in Lutsk, Vladimir-Volynsk and two Rural.
In the XIII century foundation of monasteries proceeded both to, and after the tataro-Mongolian invasion. Unfortunately, many monasteries are dated simply XIII century so it is not known, their emergence belongs to what half of century. It is more probable nevertheless that they arose after invasion.
Without Poland and the foreign organizations of monks, nuns, novices and novices about 103 thousand people were, thus novices and novices was more than twice more monks and nuns (respectively 70 and 33 thousand people). It is not casual: the noviceship not only was a reserve monashestvuyushchy, but also labor, cheap and meek.
In the XVII century 657(15 monasteries – one and a half times more were founded, than in XV thus, despite restriction of monastic land tenure, 189(2 monasteries, that is about a third, had at the end of the XVII century of serfs. Their number included only those monasteries which had peasants at the end of the century; but the monasteries which had serfs only in the middle of the century was very little, it is no more than two tens. By the end of century many monasteries stopped the existence. Having added number of the founded monasteries (65 to number being at the end of the XVI century (77, we will receive 1428, and having excluded being at the end of the XVII century (115, we will define quantity of the liquidated – 275(4 monasteries. However, the full confidence that all of them ceased to exist in the XVII century, is not present – elimination could happen and in the first half of the XVIII century. But even in one and a half centuries it is considerable figure.
In general process of foundation of monasteries in a nonchernozem strip of the country is characterized by the following data: from total 657(15 in it there were 340(7 new monasteries, that is it is more than a half, including 116(4 city and 224(2 rural. Such ratio shows that settling and economic development of the above-named four areas did not come to the end yet. By the end of century from total 565(18 city and 588(4 rural (total 1153(22 monasteries) 344(11 city and 448(3 rural, total 792(14 monasteries, or 69% concentrated here. From these 792(14 monasteries 479(5 had serfs (60%).
In the XVII century, as we know, there was a settling of Siberia which intensity found expression in emergence of monasteries there. Them it was based 29(1 city and 14 (rural, total 43(1, including – respectively 12 (and 6 (total 18 (), the dependent peasants who had at the end of the century.
Foundation of monasteries proceeded. After introduction of states it was authorized to create female communities which were as if the transitional organizations, school of a monkhood. Members of communities were not nuns yet, but gradually communities received the status of monasteries.
Most of all monasteries it was based in the Central district: 75(2 city, 113(2 rural, total 188(4, including the having serfs (perhaps, not only at the end, but also in a beginning of the century) – respectively 17 (and 28 (total 45 (or about 25%.
Corvee – processing of a monastic and hierarchal arable land was the main duty of the peasants belonging to clergy. They paid also natural and monetary quitrents. the sizes of the last by the end of the XVII century increased that caused complaints of peasants. Operation led to active performances against monasteries; especially they amplified in the first half of the XVIII century.